Skin Tags Overview
A skin tag is a tiny tear drop shaped piece of skin that is typically connected to the underlying skin by a thin stalk. Skin tags look like tiny bits of “hanging” skin and typically occur in sites where clothing rubs against the skin or where there is skin-to-skin friction, such as the underarms, neck, upper chest, and groin.
Skin tags are typically flesh-coloured or may appear brown in light-skinned individuals. They may be smooth or wrinkled and range in size from very tiny (1 mm) to approximately the size of a grape. Very small skin tags may appear as raised bumps on the skin.
If a skin tag is twisted on its blood supply it may turn red or black. Skin tags may bleed if caught on clothing or are otherwise torn. Skin tags are not painful and are not associated with any particular skin conditions or symptoms.
Skin tags are not present at birth and their frequency increases with age. Skin tags can be observed in about 25% of adults and so are quite common. Studies have shown a genetic predisposition to the development of skin tags. Therefore, skin tags can run in families.
Skin tags are believed to develop due to friction between adjacent areas of skin or between clothing and skin. Common sites for skin tags include the underarms, upper chest (particularly beneath the breasts in women), neck, eyelids, and groin folds, although they can occur anywhere on the body. Because of the increased skin-to-skin contact and friction, skin tags are more common in overweight or obese people. Although skin tags can sometimes be seen in children, they tend to increase with age and are most common in middle-aged and older individuals.
Removal of skin tags is curative, although the individual may develop more skin tags at a later time. Avoid heat treatments and avoid applying creams or lotions for up to 12 hours after treatment.
Milia is a condition that is caused by dead skin cells getting trapped inside pores causing inflammation and a white or yellow head to form which contains a protein called keratin, the head is usually 1mm or 2mm wide and should be removed by trained professional.
They can often accompany dry skin and are often found on the cheek, forehead and around the eye area.
The process of milia removal involves a probe which is used to unroof the milia freeing the hardened entrails. This process should result in minimal or no scarring.
Milia can be avoided by following a good exfoliating process daily, gently exfoliating helps to prevent milia from forming and makes milia removal easier by removing dead skin cells and thinning the layer of skin around milia.